Logistic Regression in Machine Learning: What is it?
Logistic regression is a popular algorithm used in supervised learning for classification tasks.
Supervised learning is a method of machine learning that involves training a model on a labeled dataset, where the inputs and corresponding outputs are already known.
In this article, we will discuss the basics of logistic regression, its applications, and how it differs from linear regression.
What is Logistic Regression?
Logistic regression is a statistical method that is used to model a binary outcome, i.e., a variable that can take on one of two values, such as “yes” or “no”, “true” or “false”, or “0” or “1”.
It models the probability of an event occurring, given a set of input features.
The goal is to find the best parameters that maximize the likelihood of the observed data.
How does Logistic Regression work?
The logistic regression model is based on the logistic function, also known as the sigmoid function, which maps the input features to a value between 0 and 1.
This value represents the probability of the binary outcome being true. The logistic function takes the form of
1 / (1 + e^(-x))
where x is a linear combination of the input features and parameters.
The logistic regression algorithm starts with an initial set of parameters and iteratively updates them based on the training data.
The process of updating the parameters is known as maximum likelihood estimation. The goal is to find the set of parameters that maximizes the likelihood of the observed data. Once the parameters are trained, the model can be used to make predictions on new data.
Logistic regression has a wide range of applications in various fields such as finance, healthcare, marketing, and social sciences. Some examples of applications include:
- Credit risk analysis: predicting the probability of default on a loan
- Medical diagnosis: predicting the probability of a patient having a certain disease
- Marketing: predicting the probability of a customer buying a product
Differences from Linear Regression
Linear regression is another popular algorithm used in supervised learning, but it is used for regression tasks instead of classification tasks.
The main difference between the two is that linear regression models the relationship between the input features and the continuous output variable, whereas logistic regression models the relationship between the input features and the probability of a binary outcome.
Linear regression is not suitable for classification tasks as it can predict values outside of the range of the binary outcome.
Logistic regression, on the other hand, is limited to binary outcomes but it can predict the probability of the binary outcome, which can be thresholded to make a prediction.
Logistic regression is a powerful and widely used algorithm in supervised learning for classification tasks.
It models the probability of a binary outcome given a set of input features and it is based on the logistic function.
Logistic regression is suitable for a wide range of applications, such as credit risk analysis, medical diagnosis, and marketing.
It is also important to note that logistic regression differs from linear regression in that it models binary outcomes while linear regression models continuous outcomes.
Francesco Chiaramonte is an Artificial Intelligence (AI) expert and Business & Management student with years of experience in the tech industry. Prior to starting this blog, Francesco founded and led successful AI-driven software companies in the Sneakers industry, utilizing cutting-edge technologies to streamline processes and enhance customer experiences. With a passion for exploring the latest advancements in AI, Francesco is dedicated to sharing his expertise and insights to help others stay informed and empowered in the rapidly evolving world of technology.